Are renewable liquid fuels the answer to Northern Ireland’s carbon reduction targets?
Biofuels could reduce emissions by 88% and save billions say liquid fuel trade bodies
It could cost over £8billion more to convert Northern Ireland’s oil heated homes to use heat pump technology rather than a renewable liquid fuel.
That was the claim from the three trade bodies representing the liquid fuel heating industry in Northern Ireland in their detailed response to the Economy Department’s consultation on policy options for the Energy Strategy for NI.
The consultation, which closed on June 30, proposed two broad approaches to phasing out fossil fuel heating oils for off-grid consumers. In one of these scenarios, oil boilers would be banned, which would place a significant emphasis on heat pumps for off-grid properties.
The second of these options is to retain liquid fuelled boilers and would instead focus on phasing out the sale of fossil fuels. This option would give consumers a range of options for their home heating including renewable biofuels and biomass in addition to heat pumps.
OFTEC, UKIFDA and NIOF, the trade bodies representing the industry’s manufacturing/registration and distribution sectors agree that change is required to help play a significant role as the UK seeks to meet its net zero ambitions.
But they point out that consumer choice and finding the right solution at the right cost, with the least amount of disruption for each home, is key to making the strategy work for everyone.
In their response to the consultation the trade bodies claim the cost of converting the 526,000 oil heated homes in Northern Ireland to heat pump technology would be £8.7bn.
Whereas the total cost, of converting all of Northern Ireland’s oil heated homes to utilise a renewable liquid fuel would be £618m.
OFTEC Ireland Manager, David Blevings said the bodies have already come together to present a ‘simple and cost-effective solution’ to the Department.
David continued: “We are not against consequential improvements; any energy strategy must have energy efficiency at its heart. But, with the average cost of install for an air source heat pump and associated works at £26,300 versus £500 for conversion of your oil-fired boiler to operate with renewable liquid fuel we advocate that changing the fuel is the easier option.
“In fact, changing the fuel that liquid fuelled boilers currently use to a low carbon fuel would offer immediate and substantial carbon reductions - a near 90% reduction in carbon emissions compared to traditional home heating oil.
“The fuel we propose is Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO) and our response to the consultation outlines the work that the trade associations have done to date across the UK with respect to the conversion of oil heated homes to a renewable liquid heating fuel.”
It is widely accepted that some homes (and non-domestic buildings) are not suitable for conversion to heat pumps and other solutions will be needed.
Both the Climate Change Committee (CCC) and the National Grid Future Energy Scenarios (FES) predict approximately 900,000 of UK based off-grid homes will require some form of renewable fuel other than electricity to provide home heating by 2050 to help meet the UK’s net zero commitment.
Lab trials and small-scale demonstrator field trials have confirmed that HVO has similar traits to kerosene while offering an 88% reduction in carbon emissions.
OFTEC Ireland Manager, David explained: “We believe the overall approach being suggested by the industry would allow policy flexibility while achieving rapid decarbonisation progress, providing a greater perception of fairness as there would be a viable choice even for hard-to-treat situations.
“It will also help create a more competitive market for low carbon heating.
“We are excited about the prospects of decarbonising the off-grid housing stock in Northern Ireland who use a liquid fuel. We have many advantages in terms of our local knowledge of the customer base and the proximity of our workforce to those customers.
“The current cost of renewable liquid fuels is higher than traditional heating oil and, while the cost of conversion is much smaller than other solutions, we see this as a potential barrier for our customers. We need to stimulate the supply of the fuel to reduce the cost.
“If the duty on liquid renewable fuels was removed this would save each home approximately £200 and if the same incentive was given as for the transport sector in renewable certificates this saving would mean the annual increase between using HVO and kerosene is only £213pa, which is within the margin of kerosene increases seen over the years.”
The trade bodies are calling on the Northern Ireland Executive to work with them now, to actively promote the introduction of a renewable liquid fuel to homes currently heated by oil.
They say this could be achievable in a timescale which would exceed expectations, enhance workforce opportunities, and allow customers, to decarbonise at limited cost and disruption.
OFTEC, UKIFDA and NIOF are asking the Northern Ireland Executive for the following help:
Work with Westminster to remove the current c11p duty on renewable heating fuels to stimulate uptake.
Introduce a short-lived incentive scheme (as has been the case in transport fuels) to stimulate the early adoption of the fuel and therefore supply.
Include renewable heating fuels in current government schemes such as NISEP
To actively promote all decarbonisation solutions in a technology neutral way that reflects the individual nature of people’s homes and choices.
To actively remove trade barriers to low carbon fuels.
To work with the industry to support a larger scale trial in Northern Ireland to demonstrate the potential for the adoption of renewable liquid fuel.
Concluding their response to the consultation, the trade bodies said they firmly believe that a move from kerosene to renewable liquid fuel (HVO) offers the Executive a simple, cost effective solution to decarbonising the off-grid sector.
With the correct policy and support the transition could be easily delivered within five years and substantial carbon reductions achieved.
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