On this day: January 30

1606: Sir Everard Digby, Robert Wintour, John Grant and Thomas Bates were hung, drawn and quartered for their part in Guy Fawkes’ Gunpowder Plot

1649: Charles I, convicted of treason, beheaded in Whitehall.

1858: Halle Orchestra founded by Charles Halle in Manchester

1889: Baroness Marie Vetsera, 17, and her lover, Austrian Crown Prince Rudolf, found dead at a royal hunting lodge near Vienna. It is unclear if it was a double suicide or murder

1933: Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany

1948: Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by a Hindu in New Delhi

1961: Contraceptive pill went on sale in Britain - but not available on NHS until December

1965: Big Ben silenced for Winston Churchill funeral

1982: Stanley Holloway, actor, comedian and singer, died, 91

1997: An underground anti-road protest came to an end after six days as the last demonstrator, known as Swampy, emerged from a tunnel under the proposed A30 extension in Devon

2008: TV presenter Jeremy Beadle died of pneumonia, 59

2013: Irish authorities said to be sure that ‘filler product’ in burgers sold in supermarkets came from Poland and was a mixture of beef and horse offcuts

ON THIS DAY LAST YEAR: Ex Radio One DJ Dave Lee Travis told his trial he was ‘astonished’ at sex allegations against him