Gardening: Branching out into small spaces with these top trees

Prunus Beni Yutaka
Prunus Beni Yutaka

If any of you think that you can only plant a tree if you have a large garden, think again.

If any of you think that you can only plant a tree if you have a large garden, think again.

There’s a plethora of trees out there, which are compact, but look amazing as stand-alone features in a small space, providing colour, texture and form to a smaller garden.

So don’t delay, do your bit for National Tree Week, the UK’s largest tree festival, and plant a tree which won’t take up too much of your garden space, but will make a spectacular difference. Here are some of the best:

:: Amelanchier: These unsung heroes have started to become popular at the large horticultural shows in recent years and among the most gorgeous is A. x grandiflora ‘Ballerina’, which produces profuse white spring flowers before the bronze tinted young leaves emerge. A. lamarckii, the snowy mespilus, is often grown as a multi-stemmed type but can be trained as a light standard.

:: Japanese Flowering Cherry (Prunus Shogetsu): This is a stunning stand-alone specimen which enjoys a long season of interest, from its spring blossom of double pink-and-white flowers to its bronze leaves which turn fiery red throughout autumn. It prefers a sunny spot with moist, well-drained soil.

The blossom on flowering cherries can be a fleeting delight, but the slim, upright Prunus ‘Amanogawa’ is ideal for a narrow garden, which takes up little space and is adorned with double pale pink flowers in mid spring.

:: Flowering dogwood: These are ideal small trees if you have neutral to acid soil. Among the finest of the conical types is Cornus florida f. rubra, which bears beautiful pink blooms in early summer followed by rich autumn leaves. Other showstoppers include C. florida ‘Cherokee Chief’, which produces deep rose-red bracts, and C. ‘Porlock’, which displays flame-coloured autumn hues on some of its leaves enhanced by the profusion of strawberry-like fruits which hang from the branches. Flowering dogwoods do best in well-drained but fertile soil rich in organic matter.

:: Acer palmatum: The amazing autumnal foliage of the Japanese maple, along with its elegant architectural structure, cannot fail to impress and there are plenty of compact types which are suitable for the small garden, whether planted in the ground or in large pots. Acer palmatum ‘Bloodgood’ will be as at home in both, its rich red-purple foliage providing a striking contrast to other plants from spring through to autumn.

If you want a variety which will hang gracefully over water, go for A. palmatum var. dissectum, a type with finely cut foliage which is broader spreading, growing 2m high by 3m wide. Acers generally prefer slightly acid soil, so if you are planting them in a pot add some ericaceous compost.

:: Sorbus: Also known as rowans, these trees are among the best for a small garden, providing white spring flowers, masses of autumn berries and divided foliage which often changes colour in autumn. S. aucuparia ‘Fastigiata’ has a tight, tidy shape and offers white flowers followed by deep red berries and brilliant autumn foliage, while S. ‘Joseph Rock’ produces yellow fruits and fiery-red and orange foliage in autumn. These trees are ideal for urban gardens as they are pollution tolerant and will withstand extremes of heat and cold.

:: National Tree Week runs from Nov 28-Dec 6. For details, visit www.treecouncil.org.uk