No single narrative can be drawn from Northern Ireland’s turbulent history

The centenary of Northern Ireland is contested. In December 1920 when the Government of Ireland Act partitioned the island of Ireland into two separate entities, few could have imagined that partition would continue to shape northern political identities into the 21st century.

Monday, 3rd May 2021, 1:54 pm
"B" Specials on duty at a Belfast Bank in Strabane. Catalogue number: HOYFM.BT.1304. Belfast Telegraph, © National Museums NI, Ulster Folk Museum Collection

Whether one marks, acknowledges, remembers, celebrates or boycotts the centenary, Northern Ireland has had a turbulent history from which no single narrative can be drawn.

The purpose of the Historical Advisory Panel is to consider the history of Northern Ireland in all its complexity.

It has been appointed by the UK Government as part of the Northern Ireland centenary project to deal with the “historic elements” surrounding its creation.

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Reports from the News Letter reporting Black Sunday disturbances in Belfast in July 1921. The unrest resulted in 23 deaths over the surrounding four-day periodReports from the News Letter reporting Black Sunday disturbances in Belfast in July 1921. The unrest resulted in 23 deaths over the surrounding four-day period

The panelists are drawn from diverse backgrounds and their recommendations are strictly independent from governmental influence.

At an individual level they have divergent views on explaining aspects of Northern Ireland’s history, but they all agree that the panel’s responsibility is to encourage an inclusive, holistic, and “messy” history of Northern Ireland in order to aid understanding of the lived experiences of a wide variety of groups and individuals who lived through the tumultuous events of one hundred years ago.

The panel will engage with both familiar and less familiar events pertinent to the early years of the region’s history. From the foundation of labour and rise of trade unionism to the campaign for suffrage – particularly the enfranchisement of women – several forms of politics exercised its inhabitants in the decades before and after 1921, many of which complemented divides over the constitutional question but also created allegiances on other bases.

Questions regarding society, the economy and culture are also part of the holistic way in which the Panel is exploring the centenary, which is being considered in wider contexts and longer chronologies both within the island of Ireland and UK but also within other important frameworks including the former British Empire and European Union.

Several projects are underway to bring these histories to light.

One activity is the production of a website to contextualize various aspects of Northern Ireland’s past and bring to the fore voices of individuals and groups across the last one hundred years.

Creative Centenaries is produced in conjunction with the Nerve Centre in Derry-Londonderry, a leading creative media arts centre, and Queen’s University Belfast.

Through different types of published content, the website explores the centenary from a wide variety of perspectives, republishing contemporary news stories and primary evidence in conjunction with explanatory pieces on particular topics.

Another project involves the creation of a centenary book which will produce a collection of academic essays on various aspects of Northern Ireland over the last one hundred years.

A physical exhibition in Belfast and London are planned if Covid permits. In conjunction with the Northern Ireland Office and History Teachers’ Association, the panel is supporting an essay-writing competition whereby schoolchildren can delve deeper into the historical background of the period.

Importantly, the panel believes that the centenary is a time when archives pertinent to Northern Ireland’s creation and establishment are made available for future researchers and they are working with PRONI to ensure that collections that are previously closed or which are difficult to find are made publicly accessible.

The history of Northern Ireland will elicit different views, emotions and levels of engagement, which the Panel recognises.

We have no desire to be prescriptive as to how individuals or communities remember the past but we do hope that the public will take an interest in our work.

To that end, the panel will run a public discussion about the centenary on 4 May, which will be moderated by Tara Mills.

To sign up for this event, please register through Eventbrite. The aim of this talk is for people to learn more about what we do and to discuss aspects of the region’s history.

It will be recorded and made available on the Northern Ireland Office Centenary website,

We do hope that our work will yield greater understanding of the events of one hundred years ago. Understanding does not imply acceptance or agreement, and we fully expect the public to have a wide variety of views on the content we produce just as the panel itself has different views on extrapolating conclusions from evidence.

This, we believe, is a healthy part of historical enquiry.

Accommodating diverse historical experiences and divergent views on the past might go some way to better understanding the centenary that we are now living through.

Panel members

Professor Lord Bew, Emeritus Professor, QUB (Chair)

Dr Brian Barton, Independent Historian

Dr Marie Coleman, Reader in Modern Irish History, QUB

Dr Niamh Gallagher, Lecturer in Modern British and Irish History, University of Cambridge and Fellow of St Catharine’s College

Dr Caoimhe Nic Dháibhéid, Senior Lecturer Modern History, University of Sheffield

Dr Margaret O’Callaghan, Reader in History and Politics, QUB

Professor Henry Patterson, Emeritus Professor of Politics, UoU

Professor Graham Walker, Professor of Political History, QUB